Understanding and utilizing the language/terminology linked to the lesbian

Understanding and utilizing the language/terminology linked to the lesbian

Glossary of typical terms


, homosexual, bisexual, transgender, sex diverse, intersex, queer, asexual and questioning (LGBTIQA+) 1 communities really helps to make certain that solutions and organisations are comprehensive and respectful. 2 This resource sheet supplies a glossary of terms for professionals and providers to greatly help them to raised comprehend the terminology and also to make use of comprehensive language in solution supply.


The details in this resource sheet is supposed to simply help companies and professionals create safe areas for customers that are people of these communities.

Studies have shown that some companies assume that their consumers are heterosexual and make use of language that is heterosexist which could lead to disquiet for consumers and cause them to perhaps maybe not disclose their LGBTIQA+ status (Australian Human Rights Commission AHRC, 2015) or talk about their sex or sex. Increasing access to appropriate services is essential as a result of the greater prices of psychological state problems such as for example despair, anxiety and committing committing committing suicide (nationwide LGBTI wellness Alliance, 2016) being skilled by people of LGBTIQA+ communities when compared with their non-LGBTIQA+ peers. Analysis additionally shows that pressures faced by same-gender attracted young adults, such as for instance bullying, homelessness and emotions of pity, fear and confusion, usually do not stem through the nature of these intimate or gender variety. Instead, these are generally driven because of the anxiety about, or real, discrimination via organizations which are crucial in the life of young adults, including schools, wellness solutions and welfare solutions (AHRC, 2015).

It really is recognized that dilemmas of sex identification are very different to dilemmas of intimate orientation; nevertheless, for simplicity of guide, both are most notable resource sheet. Further, it’s acknowledged that some terminology is contested and language in this area is evolving (GLHV, 2016). Therefore, professionals and companies ought to utilize this resource sheet together with other resources of information ( e.g. Look at Further reading and Resources and organisations detailed at the conclusion of the resource sheet).

There was a deal that is great of in the LGBTIQA+ communities and many terms and language associated with:

It is vital to acknowledge the complexity of men and women’s lived experiences and recognise that the above aspects may connect with people in various means and differing times throughout the expected life (nationwide LGBTI wellness Alliance, 2013a).


This glossary is organised across the following categories (placed in alphabetical purchase):

  • Figures, sex and sex identities
  • Intimate orientations
  • Societal attitudes/issues.

Systems, gender and sex identities

Cisgender/cis: a phrase utilized to describe people whoever gender corresponds towards the intercourse these were assigned at delivery.

Gender: relates to the socially built and hierarchical groups assigned to people based on their obvious intercourse at delivery. While other genders are recognised in a few countries, in Western culture, individuals are likely to adapt to 1 of 2 sex functions matching their sex that is apparent example, male = man/masculine and female = woman/feminine.

Gender norms define how exactly we should dress, act/behave, as well as the roles that are appropriate roles of privilege we now have in culture ( e.g. The energy relationships between both women and men). Failing continually to abide by the norms linked with a person’s sex may result in ridicule, intimidation and also physical physical violence (Aizura, Walsh, Pike, Ward, & Jak, 2010).

Many individuals usually do not match these narrowly defined and gender that is rigid. Some females may feel masculine, some males may feel more feminine plus some individuals may well not feel either, or may reject sex entirely (see Gender identification).

Gender binary: the classification that is spectrum-based of in to the two kinds of either male or female considering biological intercourse (see Intercourse).

Gender identification: relates to a internal feeling of yourself as guy, girl, masculine, feminine, neither, both, or getting around freely between or not in the sex binary.

Gender pronouns: theserefer to what sort of person chooses to publicly show their sex identification by using a pronoun, if it is a gender-specific or even a pronoun that is gender-neutralGLHV, 2016). This might through the more conventional she or he, along with gender-neutral pronouns such as for instance they, their, ze, hir among others (see Transgender/Trans/Gender diverse).

Genderqueer/Non-binary sex: a phrase used to describe sex identification that will not comply with gender that is traditional that will be expressed as apart from girl or guy, including sex basic and androgynous.

Gender questioning: not always an identification but often utilized in mention of an individual who is uncertain which gender, if any, they identify with.

Intersex: an umbrella term that relates to individuals that have anatomical, chromosomal and hormone characteristics that change from medical and old-fashioned understandings of male and bodies that are female. Intersex individuals might be ‘neither wholly female nor wholly male; a mixture of feminine and male; or neither feminine nor male’ (Sex Discrimination Amendment Act (Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Intersex Status) 2013 (Cth)).

Intersex individuals may recognize as either guys, ladies or non-binary (see Genderqueer/Non-binary gender).

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